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The literature on democratization in Latin America has followed a tendency in political science to emphasize the role of elites and pacts.
In a way, as Nancy Bermeo (see Bermeo 2003, cited under Breakdown of Democracy) and Adam Przeworski have argued, the group of the Woodrow Wilson Center (see O’Donnell, et al.
1986, cited under Foundational Works) was not only analyzing the democratization process, but wanted to “stop the killings.” The most robust structuralist theory, that of Barrington Moore, Jr., on the origins of democracy, was not that promising.
The most recent works on democracy and democratization in Latin America are trying to analyze both structure and agency in the processes of democratization.
Most of the nineteen Latin American countries experienced processes of electoral democratization.Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.Brazil, which is the largest country in South America and fifth largest country in the world, is also a political and economic leader in its continent.Rustow 1970 developed a strong critique of modernization theory (Huntington 1991) and culturalist theories of democracy and proposed instead a genetic model of democracy.
Sep 8, 2016. Video created by Yonsei University for the course "Understanding Korean Politics". Week 2 will first summarizes the four legacies of South Korea's politics from 1948 to 1987 and introduce the major concepts and models of democratic transition.… continue reading »
Specific democratisation trajectories found in African countries, namely democratic consolidation, democratic processes 'stuck in transition' and 'political meltdown'. The chapter covers fundamental conceptual debates about democratic transitions and the challenges of democratic consolidation. It analyses the emergence of.… continue reading »
Strategic interactions among the main actors involved in democratic transition and consolidation, particularly political and social elites. The deterministic and structuralist conclusions of the previous literature on democratization have been questioned and turned upside down. Economic factors have been acknowledged only.… continue reading »
No state, no democracy. Second, democracy cannot be thought of as consolidated until a democratic transition has been brought to completion. A necessary but by no means sufficient condition for the completion of a democratic transition is the holding of free and contested elections on the basis of broadly inclusive voter.… continue reading »
May 1, 2007. Abstract In an era when democratization is stalled or in retreat in many parts of the world, it is important to highlight the successful democratic experience of East and Southeast Asia in recent decades. Five consolidated democracies have emerged since the mid-1980s; only Thailand has seen some.… continue reading »