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In Latin chronicles dating back to the tenth century, there are colorful origin myths of the Hungarians "conquering" and occupying the Carpathian Basin and their conversion to Christianity under King Stephen.
Many Hungarians consider their nation "the final fortress of Western Christianity and civilized Europe." National Identity.
The Danube River divides Hungary and bisects the capital, Budapest. The population was 10,065,000 in 1999, 48,000 less than it had been a year earlier.
Covering an area of 35,934 square miles (93,030 square kilometers), the country is in the Carpathian Basin, surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains, the Alps, and the Dinaric Alps.
The largest minority is the Roma, who make up about 5 percent of the population, numbering approximately 500,000.
The second largest minority are the Germans, who number an estimated 170,000.
After conquering the Ottomans in 16, the Habsburgs ruled all of Hungary.
The population accepted their right to rule but kept and observed their own laws, legislative powers, parliament, and administrative division.
While the consciousness of "we are all alone" was dormant during the socialist period (1948–1989), it still remained a recognizable and crucial part of the national identity. There is evidence that the Hungarian nation was a unit in the Middle Ages.The most significant manifestation of national unity is the sense of linguistic and cultural connection that includes the national language, literature, music, folk culture, folk literature, folk traditions, and history.A deep, permeating consciousness is another integral element of national identity.There are 80,000 to 110,000 Slovaks as well as about 35,000 Croatians, 15,000 to 25,000 Romanians, 80,000 to 100,000 Jews, and 5,000 Serbs. Hungarian belongs to the Ugor branch of the Finno-Ugric language family.