Pit and fissure sealant application updating the technique

15-Mar-2017 02:12

This article focuses on resin-based sealants because most of the research data supports their clinical use.The published literature has indicated that clinical retention of resin-based sealants is superior to that of glass ionomer-based sealants.Sealant materials can be classified in various ways, but the most common classification scheme is on the basis of composition.Currently there are two basic sealant types: resin and glass ionomer.Resin-based sealants can be classified in a number of different ways, typically polymerization method, filled or unfilled, colored or clear, color-changing upon polymerization, and moisture tolerant.

Deciding which teeth are at risk will vary from clinician to clinician and be based upon experience.Over the past 30 years, significant progress has been made in the prevention of dental caries in children and adolescents.While caries has decreased on interproximal surfaces, occlusal pit and fissure caries have increased.The reason for this high rate of caries relates specifically to the pit and fissure morphology of occlusal and buccal/lingual surfaces that are not affected by the caries-preventive effects of systemic and topical fluorides.

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As part of a comprehensive preventive care, dental sealant application supplements regular oral hygiene practices and dental examinations.lists considerations to be evaluated for early sealant failure.Based upon the data reported in the aforementioned clinical research reports, it is important that patients with sealants have periodic re-evaluations and reapplication of sealant if necessary.Research has shown that sealing active caries in pits and fissures from clinical and radiographic findings that there is no progression of the carious lesions.